Internal medicine physicians or internist use their extensive training and knowledge to help patients by diagnosing and treatment a number of health problems and complex illnesses. The key goals of internal medicine are to prevent, identify, and care for diseases in adults. Internists are often called upon to help with the diagnosis of rare or odd diseases. These internists can often act as primary care physicians.
An internist or specialist in internal medicine is capable of treating the entire person as well as whatever type of medical issue is brought to their attention. The can treat simple and complex illnesses no matter how common or rare. Internists are also specially equipped to handle the diagnosis of a particularly strange or puzzling illness. They are also trained to treat a person who has become affected by multiple conditions. Internists also strive to educate their patients about their conditions whether it is a women’s health problem, substance abuse, reproductive health problem, or a mental health condition. Internists also continue to see the same patients throughout their lives and often consult with other specialists when the occasion arises such as if a female patient were to require the care of a obstetrician.
Internists often choose to develop a subspecialty in addition to their general medical knowledge. There are 13 different areas of study which fall under internal medicine including:
Training in these areas as a subspecialty is referred to a fellowship and often requires an addition one to three years of study.
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